Biotech Research integrity

WHO cures cancer in Photoshop?

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has a cancer research unit in France, IARC. Some papers from there contain impressive manipulations. The works of art are authored by Massimo Tommasino and his former junior colleague there Uzma Hasan, now tenured group leader at INSERM. Some of this research took place at the Schering-Plough Research Institute which was taken over by German pharma giant Merck.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) recently included  Traditional Chinese Medicine into its global medical compendium, thus recognising that dried and powdered bits of rare and endangered animals can cure all possible ailments and diseases. But of course Modern Medicine remains valid also, and in fact the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), with its seat in Lyon, France, uses modern technologies to find new cancer therapies. One such digital technology, applied very efficiently all very the world, is based on Photoshop, where images of western blots and other research data get artistically modified to facilitate the publishability of the postulated cancer therapy ideas in respected peer reviewed research journals. It does not really help cancer patients, but the beneficial effect on the academic and industry careers of such scientists is extremely significant and has been extensively validated and reproduced over the years.

The cancer researchers at WHO whose papers contain such impressive manipulations, are Massimo Tommasino, head of Infections and Cancer Biology Group at IARC, and his former junior colleague there Uzma Hasan, now tenured group leader at INSERM in Lyon. Some of their best or worst papers (depending how you judge it) were authored together with an industrial researcher, Jaromir Vlach, working for the Schering-Plough Research Institute which was eventually taken over by the German pharma giant Merck (known in USA as EMD).The evidence was posted on PubPeer by anonymous commenters, one of whom was the pseudonymous Clare Francis, who also alerted me to that case.

This was for example what Hasan, Tommasino and Vlach published on the topic of immune system responses, in the elite journal PNAS, Hasan et al 2007:

This figure contains a plethora of duplicated gel bands, so much that it is actually almost funny. Who is responsible, we do not know. The contributions say that Tommasino only contributed “new reagents/analytic tools”, while research was designed by Vlach and the two first authors. The first and corresponding author Hasan was at that time already in Tommasino’s IARC department for Infections and Cancer Biology. That PNAS paper of hers contains many other examples of Photoshop activities, like this Figure 5 here:

The industry researcher Vlach is the last author and the project designer, but it seems the work was done at IARC, since that this Photoshop tour de force was publicly funded:

“This work was supported by grants from La Ligue Contre le Cancer (Comité de Savoie) and the grant “Applied Tumour Virology” German–French cooperation, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg–Cancéropôle du Grand-Est, Besançon.”

The afore-ridiculed Figure 1A of Hasan et al PNAS 2007 contains elements which previously appeared in a different context, in a different paper and likely also in a different lab where Hasan worked until 2005, at Schering-Plough with Vlach (Hasan et al JBC 2005):

9eanpqr

That 2005 paper appeared in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, which is known to be tough on data manipulation, might become a problem for this paper’s three authors. Good for Tommasino that he is not one of them. There is even a duplicated flow cytometry measurement, quantified slightly differently, maybe to obscure similarities.

medu9tx

Also this Hasan et al JBC 2005 study contains more of creative tricks which helped the authors elucidate the molecular pathway of Toll-signaling in immune cells. Who knew it happens through post-experimental digital data duplication?

Hasan’s work at Schering-Plough before her move to IARC with Tommasino was truly productive. Look at this interesting figure from Hasan et al J Immunology 2005:

2mxsirc

The framed western blot two images for Flag/HA are very similar, except the upper gel band. How can this be? Can someone accidentally reuse same image twice, while accidentally erasing the top band in one of them? There is more to find in that paper also. Tommasino is not coauthor, but is credited with having provided “invaluable advice on this manuscript”, just like in the other Hasan et al JBC 2005 paper from Schering-Plough, now part of Merck.

With Tommasino as last author, but now without Vlach and his pharma industry input, Hasan authored same year 2007 this paper, Hasan et al J Immunology 2007. Also here, Hasan is corresponding author. This IARC study helped us understand how cervical cancer develops and offered “future promise for the prevention of infectious diseases, cancer, and autoimmune diseases“. This is how this promise works, and this is just one example from that paper:

apol8y6

Apparently, by re-using certain western blot bands, a potential prevention therapy for cervical cancer can be established. Amazing research, done by WHO scientists at IARC, with public support:

The study was supported by grants from La Ligue Contre le Cancer (Comité de la Savoie), “Applied Tumour Virology” German-French cooperation, and Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum-Cancéropôle du Grand-Est.”

2007 was a particular year in Tommasino’s IARC lab, with a particularly rich harvest of Photoshopped papers in prestigious journals. Also this paper features Hasan as one of coauthors, Mansour et al, Virology 2007., Tommasino is the corresponding author. The study offers insights into mechanisms of cervix cancer progression and suggests how this cancer can be early detected. This is how the clinical approach would work:

Female patient at risk of cervical cancer will be asked to sit upon the printout of these Photoshopped western blot images, or other examples from that paper. Any resident cervical cancer cells inside the patient will be appalled by such pathetically crude data manipulations of loading controls and die in shame. In case you wonder, why some authors need to manipulate such allegedly unimportant bits of the figure like loading controls: it’s probably because the correct loading controls would have rendered the entire figure as useless or even fraudulent. Hence, cancer is being attacked not with science, but with Photoshop. This is probably exactly what EU Commission had in mind when funding this travesty :

“The study was partially supported by grants from European Union (LSHC-2005-018704) Deutsche Krebshilfe (grant N. 10-1847-To I), and Association for International Cancer Research to MT and a grant from La Ligue Contre le Cancer (Comité du Rhône)”

Tommasino never had a high opinion of loading controls anyway, it seems he saw them as nuisance and tried to make a point of this by publishing such ridiculously Photoshopped stuff. Who is interested in how much sample was loaded where, if the end picture of signal differences and its scientific message is what matters? Nobody, that’s WHO. This is why we find in older Tommasino papers figures like this, in Malanchi et al 2004 or Giarre et al 2001, both passed peer review in Journal of Virology:

1wshk5o

Unfortunately such attitude to research integrity in Tommasino’s department at IARC is not ancient history. The following comes from two relatively recent papers from that lab, Shahzad et al J Virology 2013 and Siouda et al PLOS Pathogens 2014:

image-1533579317454-e1539256855290.pngimage-1533985497163.png

 

We learn that viruses play a key role in carcinogenesis, and the correct way to clinically intervene on viral infection to prevent cancer is to reuse loading controls for various experiments, to placate some pesky peer reviewers.

Even the EMBO fellow and newly minted INSERM group leader Dr Hasan was back at publishing copy-pasted cancer therapy ideas, at Journal of Experimental Medicine, Hasan et al, JEM, 2012:

We now see how such creative approach to cancer research literally paid out for Hasan:

“This study was supported by the EMBO Fellowship Program (U.A. Hasan), La Ligue Régionale de la Loire contre le Cancer (U.A. Hasan), la Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale (U.A. Hasan), l’Association Research sur la Cancer (U.A. Hasan), and CLARA Procan Axe II innate sensors platform, Lyon (M. Tommasino)”.

The penultimate author Ruslan Medzhitov is elite HHMI-funded researcher at Yale, USA, he is also thanked for his advice in several manuscripts by Hasan, Vlach and Tommasino. What will he say of such unconventional approach which as the authors assure, “may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for cervical cancers”?

I informed Merck and WHO Ethics team about those issues in August 2018. Merck replied that they “take such inquiries seriously” and are reviewing the information on Vlach’s publications which I sent them. From WHO, a request for more information arrived, because the PubPeer information was deemed insufficient as such:

“from the links you have posted, we can see the titles of a number of publications but it is difficult to assess what may have happened. We would need to know specifically which data may have been changed, in which publications, when and by whom.”

I replied immediately with explanatory examples, but have not heard from the WHO Ethics Team ever again. My recent two requests for an update went unanswered as of yet.

 


 

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88 comments on “WHO cures cancer in Photoshop?

  1. That’s shameful for WHO, in addition to the shame they crowned themselves by endorsing TCM.

    Liked by 1 person

    • These are the type of things that totally put an end of any truthful and truly useful cancer research other scientists may want to perform and let many patients keep dying of cancer and some donating their samples unfruitfulless

      Like

  2. This is as bad as it can be! If WHO accepts research fraud, we have only God left to trust. Unfortunately I am not a Christian.

    Like

  3. A chairman of the Governing Council has this to say.

    http://www.iarc.fr/en/about/friendsofiarc.php

    Dr Mark Palmer

    Director of International Strategy, Medical Research Council, United Kingdom.

    ” It was a privilege to have chaired the Governing Council of IARC for four years. The work of the Agency is even more important now than when it was first established, and the continuing increase in the number of Participating States supporting the Agency demonstrates its global relevance and reach. ”

    Lyon is known for its food, but did he look at any of the data?

    Dr Mark Palmer is Director of International Strategy at the Medical Research Council (MRC). He has a degree in biochemistry from the University of Oxford, where he also completed his doctorate on the murine immune response to influenza. He has responsibility for MRC′s international policy and coordination of global health strategy.

    Dr Palmer has served as Chairperson of the IARC Governing Council, Chair of the General Assembly of the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP), Vice-President of the Board of Trustees of the Human Frontier Science Programme (HFSP), and Vice-President of the Korea–United Kingdom London Health Forum. He serves on the Governing Council of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) and the European Molecular Biology Conference (EMBC) and on the Board of ELIXIR. Dr Palmer is also the United Kingdom lead for Societal Challenge 1 (Health, Demographic Change and Wellbeing) of the European Commission′s Framework Programme Horizon 2020.

    Is Mark Palmer the right man for all these jobs?

    Like

  4. Pingback: Solidarietà femminili - Ocasapiens - Blog - Repubblica.it

  5. If WHO supports all of these research misconduct I quite can understand now how has been so difficult for myself to move forward with my research as I have seen people with I work with making these type of data manipulations (and others) and
    these people indeed keep being invited as keynote speakers for conferences
    WHO has an enormous ethical responsibility and should consider taking adequate measures to solve this case and thus contribute to fair and clean research useful for all of us
    Any of us can suffer of cancer or other serious illness….even the cheaters are not rid of it…will they test their cheated therapies on themselves eventually if they develop a cancer?

    Like

    • Smut Clyde

      As was pointed out on the Twitterbox, Piero Anversa was still an honoured guest at the 2016 AHA meeting, long after everyone knew that his laboratory had operated as a fabrication factory.

      Like

  6. Great, now I can’t get that ‘Frankengel, gel gel gel gel gel gel, gel gel Gel! Frankengel!’ song out of my head, sung in the tune of ‘Baby Shark’ after I started singing it to my child right after reading this post.

    I already was sort of expecting to definitely die of my future cancer with the type of Frenkengels I keep seeing on websites like this for the last five years, but is there a way for them to pay for any mental hospitalization I might require from this Frankenshark fiasco?

    Like

    • Will it help you to read some fake nanotechnology by Smut Clyde? No gels there.

      Like

      • As an outsider to both fields (so my thinking might be wrong), the nano stuff is a welcome change, but it still is kind of weird to me how you need to copy and paste these particles since if you take enough pics, you just show one of them. Maybe some particle pictures where you need to show regularity, but some of those look like they were just too lazy to keep scanning. The gels seem to show a lot of thought and knowledge that the person doing the manipulating possesses. Like they are familiar with pathways and protein names, and are theoretically a good scientist. With nano-stuff, it’s so basic that I’m not so sure that the people faking data understand what they are doing. Oh well… That’s what happens when nano is the Latin word that means ‘funding’.

        Like

    • By the way I know an expert in gel manipulation, Hector Peinado
      He already had to make corrections in two papers and has a couple of papers signaled at PubPeer for gel manipulations
      Someone as mentioned in PubPeer warned CNIO about this without success

      Like

      • Honestly I think Hector Peinado should give good explanations about all of the gel manipulations (and other comments) which appear in PubPeer
        A good opportunity for him to do this will be UKEV2018 conference at Sheffield on December 11, 2018 where he is invited as a keynote speaker

        Like

  7. “From WHO, a request for more information arrived, because the PubPeer information was deemed insufficient as such:

    “from the links you have posted, we can see the titles of a number of publications but it is difficult to assess what may have happened. We would need to know specifically which data may have been changed, in which publications, when and by whom.”

    Members of WHO could take a look at the annotated images in Pubpeer, then check these against the original publications. Which people have changed data and when this happened is for members of WHO to figure out. Surely the WHO has a research integrity officer, who should be au fait with such matters?

    Like

  8. Elia Marin

    You wrote Tommasino” in three different ways. I know that Italian double letters are a pain, but which one is correct? 😉

    Like

    • No I didn’t, it says correctly “Tommasino” everywhere!!!
      Joking, thanks for pointing it out. One is always a bad editor if you proof-read your own texts. I corrected all now (I hope)

      Like

  9. Reply to blatnoi October 15, 2018

    “The gels seem to show a lot of thought and knowledge that the person doing the manipulating possesses. Like they are familiar with pathways and protein names, and are theoretically a good scientist.”

    Akin to a religion: as long as you do not offend any of the central tenets you can publish. People can know how it should work by looking at papers, getting to know what what people in the field believe. You might make a reasoned guess at what should go up or down, even be correct in your guess, but no experiments are done.

    Like

    • And would you be happy with guesses and no experiments?
      I submitted a complaint with some original data from the time I coincided with Hector Peinado at Cornell and these data does not have nothing to do with what was published….so their guesses are very poor

      Like

      • When you see image duplication it means that they do not have enough data to support their claims.
        Being “clumsy” once or twice, but beyond that it wears thin as an excuse.

        “And would you be happy with guesses and no experiments?”

        I am not happy about it at all.

        Like

  10. I am glad to hear that
    I am exposing myself and telling my history and I hope this inspires other PhD students, postdocs, researchers not to stay silent and to denounce and to gather so that we can improve the uselfuness of science and and avoid wastage of resources

    Like

    • ” and avoid wastage of resources”.

      The saddest part of this is that scientists are displaced (unemployed) because such behaviour is either not detected, or if it is, nothing is done. At present image manipulation is rewarded. Much easier to make it up, more publications, more grants…more likely to valued by universities/institutions.

      Like

  11. Massimo Tommasino is co-author. There are several pieces of problematic data.

    PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e36909. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036909. Epub 2012 May 16.
    Interferon-β induces cellular senescence in cutaneous human papilloma virus-transformed human keratinocytes by affecting p53 transactivating activity.
    Chiantore MV1, Vannucchi S, Accardi R, Tommasino M, Percario ZA, Vaccari G, Affabris E, Fiorucci G, Romeo G.
    Author information

    1
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

    Figure 6E.

    Figure 6D.

    Like

    • Another Giovanna Romeo/Massimo Tommasino co-production.

      J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2016 Aug;142(8):1751-63. doi: 10.1007/s00432-016-2189-1. Epub 2016 Jun 14.
      Human papillomavirus E6 and E7 oncoproteins affect the expression of cancer-related microRNAs: additional evidence in HPV-induced tumorigenesis.
      Chiantore MV1, Mangino G2, Iuliano M2, Zangrillo MS2, De Lillis I3, Vaccari G4, Accardi R5, Tommasino M5, Columba Cabezas S6, Federico M7, Fiorucci G3,8, Romeo G3,2,8.
      Author information
      1
      Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161, Rome, Italy. mariavincenza.chiantore@iss.it.
      2
      Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, 04100, Latina, Italy.
      3
      Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161, Rome, Italy.
      4
      Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161, Rome, Italy.
      5
      Infections and Cancer Biology Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 69372, Lyon, France.
      6
      Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161, Rome, Italy.
      7
      National AIDS Center, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161, Rome, Italy.
      8
      Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 00161, Rome, Italy.

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/DD9B9F8212398AB85858299126AC96

      Figure 3E, thanks to Hoya Camphorifolia.

      Like

  12. Pingback: Científicos de la OMS usaron Photoshop para manipular imágenes en sus investigaciones - tuexperto.com

  13. I have sent an expression of concern to WHO and I will encourage all readers to do the same. Quite easy and you get an confirmation that they have received your message. You can also chose to be anonymous.

    http://www.who.int/about/ethics/en/

    An independent investigation is highly needed!

    Like

  14. Smut Clyde

    That PNAS paper of hers contains many other examples of Photoshop activities, like this Figure 5 here:

    Some of the examples are so flagrant, they seem to be gestures of contempt.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7954D730B35DF13A053ACA5B301779#18

    Like

    • PNAS papers are as safe as houses. Notoriously difficult to get PNAS to shift anything.

      “As for Dr. Croce’s work, the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has reversed its stance.

      After being contacted by The Times, the journal’s editor, Ms. Sullenberger, consulted with Dr. O’Brien at Berkeley and other analysts. The expert who in 2014 thought the duplication was unlikely, she said, now “accepts the new analyses because of their sophisticated nature.”

      The journal, Ms. Sullenberger said, is now planning to issue a notice to readers about concerns regarding the WWOX paper.”

      Like

  15. PNAS, too big to fail? AJ Levine published his discovery of p53 two months after DP Lane.

    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 16;104(42):16633-8. Epub 2007 Oct 5.
    Declining p53 function in the aging process: a possible mechanism for the increased tumor incidence in older populations.
    Feng Z1, Hu W, Teresky AK, Hernando E, Cordon-Cardo C, Levine AJ.
    Author information
    1
    Cancer Institute of New Jersey, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D927999EB49E5C74BD2BFA1861F7AF

    Like

  16. Pingback: WHO Researchers 'Creatively' Used Photoshop To Doctor Cancer Images - New Investigation Reveals

  17. https://www.acsh.org/news/2018/10/25/iarc-retraction-watch-begins-they-faked-images-controversial-claims-13532

    “And some scientists who engage in public outreach are critical thinkers about studies everywhere, like molecular biologist Leonid Schneider and microbiologist Dr. Elisabeth Bik, who have called out groups who do this and also journal editors who enable them with a desire to publish provocative claims that will bring international media links.

    A recent analysis of both journals and IARC involvement, titled WHO Cures Cancer In Photoshop, went into detail about the cultural flaws that allowed IARC to lose its way but more broadly about how easy it is to duplicate or reuse or slightly change graphics to look original in a science study. “

    Like

  18. J Christopher States

    There is more in Fig 7 panel E. JARED1B (upper set) is reverese image of ERα (lower set). Very obvious! This activity hurts all of science and the perpetrators should be banished, including the ‘unobservant’ PIs.

    Like

  19. Another leading member of the p53 crowd, who cannot spot problematic data in p53 ,or p73 papers for that matter.
    https://forbetterscience.com/2017/09/21/carol-prives-innocent-victim-of-susana-gonzalez-data-manipulations/

    Is it any wonder that people like Massimo Tommasino cannot spot problematic data in the same field?

    Like

  20. PLoS One. 2008;3(10):e3529. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003529 . Epub 2008 Oct 27.
    HPV16 E7-dependent transformation activates NHE1 through a PKA-RhoA-induced inhibition of p38alpha.
    Cardone RA1, Busco G, Greco MR, Bellizzi A, Accardi R, Cafarelli A, Monterisi S, Carratù P, Casavola V, Paradiso A, Tommasino M, Reshkin SJ.
    Author information
    Rosa A. Cardone
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Giovanni Busco
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Maria R. Greco
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Antonia Bellizzi
    Affiliation Clinical Experimental Oncology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute Giovanni Paolo II, Bari, Italy
    Rosita Accardi
    Affiliation Infections and Cancer Biology Group, IARC-WHO, Lyon, France
    Antonella Cafarelli
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Stefania Monterisi
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Pierluigi Carratù
    Affiliation Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Valeria Casavola
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Angelo Paradiso
    Affiliation Clinical Experimental Oncology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute Giovanni Paolo II, Bari, Italy
    Massimo Tommasino
    Affiliation Infections and Cancer Biology Group, IARC-WHO, Lyon, France
    Stephan J. Reshkin
    Affiliation Department of General and Environmental Physiology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9557CE3A5261A9E78327D48F4F1409#2

    Figure 1.

    Like

  21. Curing cancer in Photoshop is not rare.

    Harvard is in on the act.

    Prof Edward E Whang (Harvard) and Mark Duxbury (now Glasgow):-
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C98B4871AC6ADCBBCC26B8C778CF04
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EDF70EC6F1DB10ECB2FD7A9F6E79C1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/683FF03726041197DA9D3058E3EC72
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8A1BEF9B91051303D39DF754817AD4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/13E3CBB230FA49F4C1F5403DC6FB59
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/67F00A871ABAE836F7B471C13203F9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/28F5B2E923CD97D6F1D58B78A20FE7
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/BA8573F9A588DE8904BB09A54D2EF3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5CD3A5CF37F120E2AE5390B007E2C8
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7A125D349C6B3403BA7B886D3FCC25
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/82E52725604492007CFB925A561B6F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F98E4A7D853F4ABE7B18D504E4E6DD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2A3EA37E6A8DB8C11A0C123A7EE9C2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/88F926F29D34B284FA783C975B05A4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B9D3D8A6BC919B1ADBBCA515F1229C

    Prof Edward E Whang (Harvard) and Dr Siong-Seng Liau (now University of Cambridge):-
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1BF4B4664D3A825B5D9EA17DF49B34
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/02205EED31E0F6862F5B0F36A09F29
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A1E5C934DA1F64343C6C0390E664FF
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B42777A892F149DC3169685B9426A3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D6EB2C200D08BDC2A89CA92AC84DAB

    Der Spiegel reported 28th October 2013.
    http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-118184432.html

    Dramatis personae:-

    Prof Edward E Whang, Harvard. http://www.dfhcc.harvard.edu/insider/member-detail/member/edward-e-whang-md/

    Mark Duxbury, surgeon, Glasgow. http://www.markduxbury.info/cv
    http://www.markduxbury.info/publications

    Dr Siong-Seng Liau, University of Cambridge. https://crukcambridgecentre.org.uk/users/siong-sengliau

    Like

  22. Roche reaps rewards of career in curing cancer in Photoshop. Way to go!

    https://www.roche.com/about/governance/ec_bod_former/john-reed.htm
    https://www.bizjournals.com/orlando/news/2013/01/15/john-c-reed-head-of-sanford-burnham.html

    Career curing cancer in Photoshop.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/85CA3E7EED013D00B7D4711501383F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/12093792
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/770A7D14B551E7C1FE1F0B388D17BA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0CB570887BF49B5F956A775231A862
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/CFE24891EA3D7762AA45BF8A73470A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EAF781E28867D64B78239E99B94800
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/085F586BE817B2DBDEE79ADFF800E2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D3DBE03558653B67C15FC9CBB66570
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C9092FB053C05DEEE56E4DB455F95E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AF466ECA0855CB8E736D898A72FC4D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/58E3E3DC7A5F2809EC7D3FEAC10085
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/944F82C837530A9CE23EA7A7AC6F0F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E8023B797BF5BC89F98222E19686FD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/68950801D8F927B11F08E44C43B3A9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0FD921B90190FE60EA70CAB86F5327
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A763E8EE26D5D3D0CB16874AF96440#1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/87A5D5874FB25E6705B7EB9E3052E1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/149ADF34E95081F3CAE3AD44BE0752
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6BBE5E014064ABD260A333A394F198
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/66C3F34FB6521FB637D14B7B089763
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/773C6C637DCA25F6E377795EAD44D8
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1C38A7EFB6C0AF9303551AF3B4F18F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4DEE35678CAFFC630FD18D3669EFF7
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A6F4B15F47DC632ED16A2322E096B3

    Like

  23. http://www.dfhcc.harvard.edu/insider/member-detail/member/kenneth-c-anderson-md/
    Long time Editor-in-Chief Clin Cancer Res.
    https://www.aacr.org/Membership/Pages/FellowDetailsNoModal.aspx?ItemID=146

    Career curing cancer (leukemia and lymphoma) in Photoshop.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FC19367BD1335339FCCF3F002807D6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6EABA1B75F15BBC9DAED9E06A7DA4F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/84080BD2844B161EB34F2479AC20E2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/65A68A3D881A38F292F733DE4631AE
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8EE062FCA07493F754DAE930E801B6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1DA975EF8D7E530FB17A2489802AB9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5DD6059C98990EE30F88E67916A3BC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/65FFCFCF306EC19435A305E6A2A095
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3BF693ED25F5D7F756A37D5563B02A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B298BFBA2052BAF776008F0135A192
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4615B278F8156421CC861CACD7DA13
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C045BCD0A96B6C480FFB1C339B4038
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FF6F1A424EE6F8E34BA211DE2966F9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/CE69165B0C29963BA10D4379015B72
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A82404CFA85ABD50078CE1EF64BBC6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0D02AFA4F904617BD7C8E7952751EC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EE5A78B231B0A75349C4D0F6E30440
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/57968CFD60B044442DF5A67BAE1C93
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DFDD7D2EC371291CB5C990C9DB907C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/19AF661FAFC60E3B38C7B68523CD9D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5C51927F27E96BEE9C8EE2B7AFD214

    Retractions.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/469D3C5EA2D372518F3CA521BD3BC0
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/72BC28B138DAC73B48F6758860E76F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8370A8805B9E2535FAF9E29B5D3FF1

    Like

  24. If you turn to the editors to correct the scientific record you might presume that they would be fine upstanding individuals and would make attempts at correction, but then again you might be in for a scene from “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” (Black and White version is scarier).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_the_Body_Snatchers

    Like

  25. Two intertwined careers curing cancer in Photoshop.

    1.Eamonn R Maher.
    http://medgen.medschl.cam.ac.uk/professor-eamonn-maher/

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E307A428E33EE9D077A51C01E40180
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A211BEABD31C33DCDB316FB22E73F4 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/585CA6D4675FE7C608041E6AEB0796
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/02FC658D84B8E6FF4D01258A6AA62F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/29A3BA2CE85DA79576AF52BD362CF2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/ADDB4AB97E445612AC0518FF8D4DB6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/711D9C5A6D26095179598911E16E34
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/18B7316A533BDBB01AA9DA4E397B25
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F059D9EC91B09ECE9350CF93FB23AC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/573673DEB24E67F8606F558D9E2556
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/600EE6F6148146058545C7B83A1914
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1A16EBD4081FA519FFB43930B400E4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3659CF9723DFEBBBF8556D123A2594
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AB97D775AF875DFF51CC622CED0A6E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0503C353D2A21E07BA5F9254568240
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EC03149BCF7B5CEA8C87432EB0A7DE
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D63CF4EF3167BB0AA3DFC60BDBF5EA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/600EE6F6148146058545C7B83A1914
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B8E4B22FC55A1312F012446DA3B8AC

    Farida Latif.
    https://research.birmingham.ac.uk/portal/en/persons/farida-latif(83551d19-62d3-4921-b437-10914306e4ce).html

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E307A428E33EE9D077A51C01E40180
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/711D9C5A6D26095179598911E16E34
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/02FC658D84B8E6FF4D01258A6AA62F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/18B7316A533BDBB01AA9DA4E397B25
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1752271213B738C637811912201893
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/ADDB4AB97E445612AC0518FF8D4DB6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3659CF9723DFEBBBF8556D123A2594
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/573673DEB24E67F8606F558D9E2556
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A211BEABD31C33DCDB316FB22E73F4 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/585CA6D4675FE7C608041E6AEB0796
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1A16EBD4081FA519FFB43930B400E4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/29A3BA2CE85DA79576AF52BD362CF2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B8E4B22FC55A1312F012446DA3B8AC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AB97D775AF875DFF51CC622CED0A6E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F059D9EC91B09ECE9350CF93FB23AC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/600EE6F6148146058545C7B83A1914
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D63CF4EF3167BB0AA3DFC60BDBF5EA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8CB19BB2D8C3DE2B9FAC221A7CD5F8

    Like

    • https://www.ppu.mrc.ac.uk/news/luke-hesson-house-lords

      Wed 08th Jun 2005

      “Luke Hesson, who recently joined Philip Cohen’s Group as a postdoc, visited the House of Lords on 8 June 2005 as a member of the research team at the University of Birmingham, who received the “Team of the Year 2004″ award from the Breast Cancer Campaign.

      This award is granted to the research team who have been most successful in publishing and presenting the results of their research, and for their continued commitment into researching the cure for breast cancer. One of the main interests of the team, led by Professor Farida Latif , is the study of the RASSF family of tumour suppressor genes, which are proapoptotic K-ras effectors. As part of this team Luke Hesson helped to identify interacting partners of the tumour suppressor gene RASSF1A. He then went on to identify, clone and characterise other members of the RASSF gene family and found that several, like RASSF1A, were inactivated by promoter DNA hypermethylation in several forms of cancer, including breast cancer. In an effort to understand the roles of these other RASSF members in tumourigenesis he then went on to investigate their function using the yeast two-hybrid system. His research provides possible diagnostic markers for early detection of a range of cancers as well as identifying therapeutic targets for the inhibition of cancer cell growth.”

      Like

  26. http://blumberginstitute.org/blumberg-institute-principle-investigators/richard-pestell-phd/

    Career curing cancer (cell cycle) in Photoshop.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/00116AB35E338EE901D55F83EDF372
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/773FC61FF7E2D3AF9B2542731D7BA6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E9689DB9CB363322DE56BD1A8B419A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C80B3CC84F4FA9B15F7A58B2D5C4BA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3471989AE2C129201C6DBE72698619
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4796411FAB66976AFDA501E2B5FB7F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AD7861E62EAB0AF2FEDA836795E352
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A1770856AA8B2D04ECA4B121ABE4D0
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2740777B2C6ADA4B9F75F5E072CFD6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/94490B2874656E0C86E6F1C8475865
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1B2E1AF5338849BC389A05336D7643
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/CD27BE59B87773EF5F7F9BF492B00A#5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5723E04D6F7CA792D1BDCF773AF185
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/166518129F2E953A829AF669666256
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/134193EE552FC6C11108D37CACD22C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/155B6E567AB018827E3E4D55F1193D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/51F4C4B2FCAF0FFE99EF7025F6E835
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5F7230C2BE1BC262A993B3A5EF1ED7
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FBC5B4DE0B8F8A0969D96AE87E38E2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/766BE1028B5F1BE3BE4E980E48C7AD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/08C02B86BA11F5A2B9846C5E438D5B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C39A5E02C360130AC9C50F1F731F13
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/732FF721DD3DC6D8A7FBE0E2C61D38
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EB7F8FA69DE6ABAAAD44FE694DA1D6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5BDE63B17D111C12F14F0917EB3E1E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/30C320971559FDE09516971D2AF511
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DE05DF892C0B5FA13BCA882D2771CC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/60FF4ADF600EF8CCCD8AE9578957E3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D0542BDE3FE15DF7E5FC72C79C2AC5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2C6F9BD9699805F82C5D73789CE693
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/148C713B30DF52662B15771958F831

    Like

    • Rix Rictor

      ZEBEDEE, YGTBFKM.

      Please please stop…..I can’t handle it…..its too much.

      We need an Inter Science Police (ISP).

      Like

  27. http://www.ifo.it/index/info/struttura-organizzativa/organigramma-ire/dipricinnovatecnologica/Area-dip-funz-ric-trasl/modellipreclinici.html

    Career curing cancer in Photoshop.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/589B5D25A76095156B438D9C5ABFFC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AD094E7B63B7C59F2C4F6443BB7F4B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2F56D18273EE5EE8EB14C795439E7F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/BD040F7E80E394BBA9DB3A6BF952B4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/681C2E078EF1B485DEAF9A80AD03DD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/06A520B9D316145B8472F38D25B91C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6363AFFF8397C2326563723C906BB4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A106D17CCDA18E0956DB11C24EE436#12
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/552A7DCD3BF8023769F61CEA57D62D#5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A28B15695FA04DE60FDD1181FB35C6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E550DE5D3B20D1458ECD6847BD9852#5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5527AC1D0394A1319DDEA2B209C58A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A8B6AE031435BE7284C4C28B6D9E94
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D57F592E7115C9CFD0A0416F435E50
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/64653374762693FDE167FCFC9960CD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/541343259D69F774CD04CFC6DD7056
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C17FBE9BC7472FE02BF7E6926D3385
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1588C4FC506EBECD6F9D951A30C1A4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7FCFA80719E907911070EE7C6E602F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D66A8641429FE3BD9F703FBBF54794
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0B7A6246C0074B52D9523E76B2C6F3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/034CC3FA793059AD615B5A5D80BD84
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5962A8582F791CC31643C02ADAA0AB
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/923FAE6420F0E80064661119DC17F6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A057F17646A3E9ABCD371077FF65AF
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/72B5A49B1EA21BCB80528839C87A27

    Like

  28. Two intertwined careers curing cancer in Photoshop.
    Sam W Lee and Toru Ouchi.

    http://www.dfhcc.harvard.edu/insider/member-detail/member/sam-lee-phd/

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/86A05A1191BCC54266244DB3839DAA retraction
    https://retractionwatch.com/2018/07/25/nature-cancer-paper-that-raised-animal-welfare-concerns-is-retracted/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AB503FE52E95FA64E33D8101F419FB retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B7C9E8E6E5B79A84CE59BD688EECA9 retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/648C54C15D7CE1417D07DA9822DE2C expression of concern
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9F42D009DCFC80378874AAA6892E5A correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6B19C6013C775725C36494834BC05A correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6642F5BE0C95BDE85C019D0D35A5F5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C961F8BD02A1C6B26EDD0358BEE8FC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EE7E64658D40E3C93D8973B94EB50B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7E0A297E60D7E26D6033BB314D5A87
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/983D28C77FA06F2B9A7149984E91F7
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E666014002B51B25B5D560893F34F6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C443D4756343AA8B6251E262F9DEFC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A9098FE72413462639BFD2A8831842
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6D3121183512795DF08EF662432B6C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B616FE9A90DC4E66E82CDA9F064B2D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9BCA8DA41C83A6174D8E9187FC7F69
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/CFADD7FD97353CB9521F465AF2576C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/55A206B1C75115441540DB3A6B582C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/56C6B41FEEA1DCC98912C74F0245A5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/BBEE90AEBC90F6A98889D37F23CCAF

    https://www.roswellpark.org/media/news/dr-toru-ouchi-selected-osaka-university-global-alumni-fellow

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AB503FE52E95FA64E33D8101F419FB retraction
    https://retractionwatch.com/2015/09/04/investigation-leads-to-retraction-of-breast-cancer-paper-second-for-one-author/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8E38ECD6759C2479400E4306A749EB
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C961F8BD02A1C6B26EDD0358BEE8FC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7E0A297E60D7E26D6033BB314D5A87
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2759A34758691741B87D49DFB05C3E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C443D4756343AA8B6251E262F9DEFC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7C0ACF9BD911994CC59AD15B25EED5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C5611A71B1371708790DC73F6F246B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/17F0DFF5047D77BB490790154802C3#3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E8550377161F052EF86AE6FC4FEA57
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/164B463B2B02762FBD2294FFCA38E5

    Like

  29. https://vimm.vcu.edu/laboratory-groups/paul-b-fisher-mph-phd/

    Career curing cancer in Photoshop.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2C4DD626BDDE6D393A1EE299D18AE9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6CC433A666E1C94DC3F6F66E147C37
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C3731FFE4E99A4D434A4A2A569BA9C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C538D16292B4A7AE42ACC7BB521683
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/637AE1E284EBFA3DC7BC644563E142
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F4A8D6F435AD970F075D287B8E912D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E13CBEC134C3C3605E69CFF6EF1A9C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7936F0B66C7975ED3F9DFB102D01F3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/04D850E3FADD49AFAE8A4993A96FBC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FE6D1E9CB8B6C5396B4B1B72061A99
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6149DA7FA6672C81211725D7BF924F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3989FD85193558F0C02187F07F906B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/770A7D14B551E7C1FE1F0B388D17BA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/23990AADD8D61D7E2630BFCA89C185
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2736C7BC1BC51DCAE0AB6216E17255
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/748BD6E9A0BE78A2E284CF855CF8E8
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7C36A619E66A78593FB7C2DB68F988
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2B904758280F812E5ED7757853EC9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/917F5D83F3D1D41E810321BE7316B2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/585F1DCD4BE6D3CAE7A52F5EBDE10C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/92BC6A094F87FE5FCE866EA7713679
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C6FE2754472A7CB4EEE510FC03D1F3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/57A44E5E877F35C0D9ADC9C17BFCFE
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4E8019A1CB62992C416D62E2928508
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DF2D67772F1A09A386FA470917CB65#4

    Like

  30. https://profiles.ucsd.edu/michael.karin

    Career curing cancer (“cell cycle”) in Photoshop.

    http://karinlab-et-al.blogspot.com/

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/26BF1A9A41412947E05D956E91F161
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/549ECA180E3177C27CEF1A5B29186B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/81F3F8F7D7120ECF9F1E0FA04FAA23
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/70B63BF42E7304DA3CF2B81A9ACBA0
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/523C86C5C95A03FF074A8552CF0E36
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FD3AFFEAB6D94617D47CFD55F6BB4F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6080332E1B311B04928169937773A9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B7ED183D6E80956F2E248A9F2CD528
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AB948DBD49E09CA26BFDD7728BBB7F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/046E7EE340C2AD319E4AC503644EAE
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/55DDF4F2C8499614CEC4C173AF52AC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B53108EC99342EE4236E920A0F5C21
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4966AA09CF15E616FF386E8643BE34
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FB953FB41E9A5ABBF3846D854FA9E6
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AC408EB7ED3DCDABD44E48C4A9F927
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/82B3067EE040DFC32E5CFE6AACBF09#1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7C721B099C6B697C1039A600DB0C8F#2
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8367D973BAD32E76A4A3BDB279D605
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E81BA1277C7ABB9085D5E69FA2B387
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B84403FC977C7BED90DEDD4EDB7866
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/45E7A2B5E030C2A52B18350F71DE1B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/363559ACFDAB5BD8D9B5F12F5FA56B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B04503D899CBC6F80D572778219D24
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2B4152647555B8993C4CE2AF43A27E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5A21EB030AF1E9E2DE19EF61DD40EA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0AE89F0F0589B43720CE0177C13817
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3C5582DEEA291115A6ABE9B3A5E870

    Like

  31. https://www.imim.cat/programesrecerca/cancer/en_ubcm.html

    Career curing cancer in Photoshop.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4166CB88F57104A834DDEF71515EEC retraction
    republished as https://pubpeer.com/publications/8A9B324060E1673639C5114CC0F3C5
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/BDEB1BEC0F27AC6D5AFDD0D0E980F7 retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D9AB005FB5B07483BC12C2C0DFB454 retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5A785B0CF23403E24C25D3C43111FB retraction

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0E99B1B3B43B7D6917347AAA23EE7B correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/981BDA5DB6DFD80DCC41AEF1808BE9 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/BEB69B48326037191631A1B13D607C correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DD8A003880FB4B4E2CE5218FD971D8 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/77ACF5E0CB3F2BB5DEAF2019B0CCE3 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/447EC5BFD11D3D1D947100DAB271F9 correction

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/07643B5654697153BE6504D2C3F966
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0E155718533A0156BBEAD8E8D59A0C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A8F3E69DACCF638411E66257F47A9F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E3471375942FBF3B5CBA8C3AC0C551
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C82AD606E1FE4DE152DA1D1796DE7B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7B8A5F590BF1468283CC3FE7D6BBCA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0A32B29DEA2D2B0A10F4F362F55CD4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2F0AF28466D2E1D31510ACC72794F1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2D2996937DCDDAF9559725FDFDC95
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/AE72300768ECE0EA987B4842EB30CA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/034CC3FA793059AD615B5A5D80BD84
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/95D7EDC45C43706AB46E45AE03F1A1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/03C59A9C6383C9E70C9EEA7E056336
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/42E81CC060E1BEA09DB2F7AAC9E484
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/66B475052BBF5E5FD3C54E711F8C3B
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2EB431B880F997FBCDB5A4E48927FD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A62C2A767B8A9A60229DD116BCBB0D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7A2D9BBDCE85623CB4824CA04077E0

    Like

  32. “Cancer Research” Hong Kong.

    Hextan Ngan/Annie Cheung/SW Tsao/Alice S Wong.
    Hetan Ngan and Annie Cheung overlap most, lesser degree overlap others, but there is overlap.

    Hextan Ngan.
    http://www.obsgyn.hku.hk/staffs/detail/5

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/297C4EDAF48B0839AAF4B9E2698757 2016 retraction of 2011 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C93CF05EF8A2F42E2C7ECA90771842
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A90CD6D5AABCDAFA94B5444BC5DEB9 with Eric Lam, Imperial College
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9AE3D9C10727EB77CA007C1609E605 with Eric Lam, Imperial College
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/93684BDD68C7E16DC18EF7B10C439D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2E208EEA2E20D92CBB453D23AFAE1 same cytology two papers
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A4B478D6172AF727E4D348CD5CEF54 same cytology two papers
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9AB970BEB41ED512652F81CC1DFA36 image duplication, different cell lines.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/97D6E13BACEF86005C364845BC5926 duplication city, also cross-over event with another journal
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8F3B03D315E944EBF9FB3375C4A0AE duplication city
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4B777277862DD2C1BDFDC1744E5E04 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8629E83A7BB3A3B3391F9F466DEB40 duplication city, 2016 correction 2004 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3ECE49E98EA16DBB1705DD572BB837 2016 correction 2010 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D602CCC9F1F634BABB5A187EAEE249
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DA53DF34EF0E9A928DEAF6DD18FD60
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D4FEA367E34AE3954D619867D69221
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E9BACB3758B5247761B752F7C28B66

    Annie Cheung
    http://www.patho.hku.hk/staff/list/acheung.html

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/297C4EDAF48B0839AAF4B9E2698757 2016 retraction 2011 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C93CF05EF8A2F42E2C7ECA90771842
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/183C047BE3C36AC6E1E23F321E803D correction, but still problematic data
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A90CD6D5AABCDAFA94B5444BC5DEB9 with Eric Lam, Imperial College
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9AE3D9C10727EB77CA007C1609E605 with Eric Lam, Imperial College
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/93684BDD68C7E16DC18EF7B10C439D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C7B96B68231D7D68E99DA6479FF098
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/48B31593746B44B7021B131FB34E34 retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2E208EEA2E20D92CBB453D23AFAE1 same cytology two papers
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A4B478D6172AF727E4D348CD5CEF54 same cytology two papers
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8629E83A7BB3A3B3391F9F466DEB40 2016 correction 2004 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D602CCC9F1F634BABB5A187EAEE249
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D4FEA367E34AE3954D619867D69221

    SW Tsao.
    https://www.sbms.hku.hk/staff/george-sai-wah-tsao

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3C214F7C44E6D22BD9F8FA367BD232 same data 3 journals, representing different things.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/3C3B87ADF41D4996AF0CBF838BB28B same data 3 journals, representing different things.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A5F6CDEE952FE068A61C90CD8B6616 same data 3 journals, representing different things.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/183C047BE3C36AC6E1E23F321E803D correction, but still problematic data
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E361D4C983A47EAB05D43B95A01190 2017 expression of concern for 2008 paper.
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/19ADD5E2864B12BFAB82BAA9C6EFDB
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4F2AD168ACCC83D3C66456CB4F0B67 author admits error, but no correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/38CD534B898AF62662CC585120326F author admits error, but no correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/51F4EA756E3A557DA3A3F244EBCE4C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5297B2B476752C2B4C079171D2ECC3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/6276B0AB92A68F83216D579EEE0977 2016 retraction
    http://retractionwatch.com/2016/09/19/author-to-retract-2016-cancer-study-because-of-missing-data/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/7001379520A72CCA5A0FB6167B5159
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/48B31593746B44B7021B131FB34E34 retraction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C3C5CF890C566E9D396E100606A16F correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DE2AE3D122B11CB2AC27896290BE9D horrendous image manipulation, almost funny
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/5ADD38AD817066FA05C5039DA38CF6 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/973A795484C5F537F34F523FBE9BB3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/76E10893DD755264ED5B89A1B449C4 2015 correction 2006 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2E208EEA2E20D92CBB453D23AFAE1 same cytology different journals
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A4B478D6172AF727E4D348CD5CEF54 same cytology different journals
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8F50DE64A9FAB57D029A2948466A7F duplication city
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/65E9AECA7DBD03818148FCF7BAB1FA
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/51E56A41414C4C190972D4969E6225 clear duplications
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F87B93606C8D8058DC4B10ED1B444A duplication of telmerase assay results
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DA53DF34EF0E9A928DEAF6DD18FD60

    Alice S T Wong.
    http://www.biosch.hku.hk/staff/astw/astw_pub.html

    Br J Pharmacol. 2007 Sep;152(2):207-15.
    See:-

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C93CF05EF8A2F42E2C7ECA90771842
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D602CCC9F1F634BABB5A187EAEE249
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9D8147667EFDA7650A0CD48C2DA671
    also, see: https://imgur.com/1zfMMd0 and https://imgur.com/SRys7Op
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0FA514DFDA25802A349D7E692D2547
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D500066CD950D6F95CB761179F84FE
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/CBA01738FFA6BE3B0757EE329B7F73
    Mol Endocrinol. 2006 Dec;20(12):3336-50. See: https://imgur.com/nvVFKye

    Like

  33. Hong Kong community standards.

    Liver transplantation.
    https://retractionwatch.com/2015/10/08/image-issues-force-retraction-of-liver-transplant-papers/

    Professor Fan, Sheung Tat

    Professor Fan, Sheung Tat
    http://hub.hku.hk/cris/rp/rp00355

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/498F01BB5A91C924DD4E94FFCD5919 2018 retraction 2004 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/36328F763CCD662CCFB91FAD64A0872018 retraction 2005 paper
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1BC58D99FB24FBE89EA12E28B607AD
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FFC35261FC5F4DE2A3B9BE9E01A8F1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EC513776E949862945D22C775C874A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/A980BC133241646F8DA74484C1F35F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EDB947A644523867F4264CD59A038B 2015 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/854C3FD915D87C20DD2519505C8A7C
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/094D9C5966DE8F9EE9F2290A2FB874

    Diabetes research.

    Karen Lam/Aimin Xu

    Karen Lam
    https://medic.hku.hk/staff_detail.php?id=2

    Aimin Xu
    http://hub.hku.hk/cris/rp/rp00485

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/79E770FD481153D04BDF38D7F5DB82 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/8DF1EEA115DD30CD6B5534D8C3F1E5 correction
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/061F0110319BA3F246F6FC33CFB53E correction
    http://retractionwatch.com/2016/10/17/authors-fix-three-diabetes-papers-flagged-for-image-issues/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/63B0FEC5415BAE494B3385CA3FC409
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C37E33767764348F3C937C4D023E80
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B99F2490BF4B9F007A2438297F8832
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/E2ABBC95C301070B6BA38D68A1E9F5#3
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C0FD03EE6D033DDE91A9DE62515168#4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/17E203A5DAD24F278B2D87595732A9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FE2019BD23355BE2CAF19ADEE3359F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/817F3E730042524046341EF282CDC9
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9C3156FC835EA86308DF62EDE2C5F7#1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/03ADBF7244176E1B76DDFB2A82A867#4
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/4DEF3BE26B6594D5960D3D114B9E0A
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/63290E44E042F0FF857E456CF0C456 correction

    A few times the authors reply, but do not fully answer the questions.

    Like

  34. http://www.ecu.edu/cs-dhs/microbiology/mccubrey.cfm

    Career curing cancer (leukemia) in Photoshop.

    https://pubpeer.com/publications/2D7CD696EE38DE0002E5A1099B458D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0579B147B767AD6FBE2AE4CBF5308F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/F7E9C0E9444E15C3264DAD34F5C15E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/D3870260EAD6828EBFFA0B16D976DC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/1C3486D393CF45F885E421C72B5487
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/FBAF326F25B60BE90166A86C7D5450
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/0687655040E20EB9F3A11A1F54AEBC
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/715EF532A887D832CC0ECA26C62208
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/038CA7983EC5735C683BDE0EB4D69E
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/C781E405DA8E8333FE81DB4D5FFC31#11
    and https://pubpeer.com/publications/C781E405DA8E8333FE81DB4D5FFC31#13
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9841ABC27FA3291B01E242A1233641
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/B9E00A1A97D0FC5BDAD79F0C9E682F
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EA520B289FB46E04CC46739C7A2850
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/059410DE7EABA603607D9503EAAEF7
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9906B54B36CECB0319986C2D57341D
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/802867ADF04D293610F6E512901ED0

    True that many, but not all, papers are a co-author, but East Carolina University Medical School is in the State of North Carolina, which part of the United States,

    https://retractionwatch.com/2018/11/08/judge-dismisses-most-of-carlo-croces-libel-case-against-the-new-york-times/
    https://www.courthousenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/CroceNYT.pdf
    and United States District Judge James Graham (Ohio) has ruled
    (top page 25, https://www.courthousenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/CroceNYT.pdf)

    “Dr. Croce contends that not all papers on which his name is listed were the product of research either conducted by him or under his supervision. But the Court believes that an ordinary reader would credit such a paper, on which Dr. Croce willingly allowed his name to appear as a co-author, to him”.

    This will apply in North Carolina. We can thank Carlo Croce’s pugnaciousness for bringing the excuse of only being a co-author to the attention of the courts as a way of avoiding taking responsibility. We have the answer.

    Like

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