Publisher Springer to retract Sauren Das paper seven months after editorial decision

In July 2015 I was contacted by a concerned reader, asking me to place on PubPeer on his behalf a concern about a suspicious gel image in a 2009 paper by the plant scientist Sauren Das from the Indian Statistical Institute in Calcutta. The person who contacted me claimed that his attempt to place his comment did not pass moderation by PubPeer. As I had a registered PubPeer account, I succeeded. This excessively spliced gel was what I flagged:

l7ogkvj

I was harshly criticized by an anonymous commenter, who decreed: “ I’m not sure why you think you are in a position to lecture anyone”.

Now another paper by Das in the same journal, Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants was set to be retracted by the editors, due to similar concerns of image integrity. The decision was made seven months ago, yet nothing happened since, apparently due to the reluctance to retract from the side of the publisher Springer.

This 2013 paper by Das is to be retracted by the decision of the journal’s Editor-in Chief, N. Raghuram, Dean of the GGS Indraprastha University, India, and the associate editor Sheila Macfie, professor for Biological & Geological Sciences at the Western University, Canada. The problematic image, as presented on PubPeer, is:

4yc18gx

Earlier communications forwarded to me revealed that the journal’s editors have uncovered data manipulation like:

  • “A large grey box that has been superimposed on lane K 1/1 in Panel A, immediatedly above the lowest band” and “another grey patch at the very top of lane BT15/263”
  • “In Panel B, lane BT 15/263 looks very similar to lane AV 2. Also in Panel B, lane TTV1 looks very similar to lane HV 39”.

 

This is what Raghuram wrote to Das on July 31st 2015:

“Dear Dr. Sauren Das,

In view of PMBP’s committment to maintaining the highest standards of ethics and scientific accuracy in the published scientific record, I was compelled to confront you with the charge of manipulation of gel photograph in your paper published in this journal, as alleged on Pubpeer. You were given an opportunity to respond to the charge, and your defence was rejected following our editorial enquiry and you were given one month to reproduce your results with fresh, unmanipulated data, or face retraction of your paper published in PMBP. Your one month time expired on 29-7-2015.

In view of your lack of response to my last mail forwarded below, as well as in view of your lack of interest to defend your own results and your reputation that was challenged on pubpeer, we presume that you cannot reproduce your data, and/or no longer interested to prove your innocence as per your initial response. Either way, PMBP cannot afford to keep its own reputation in suspended animation any longer and is compelled to editorially retract your paper with the following statement of retraction:

Retraction note to the article: “Antioxidants and ROS scavenging ability in ten Darjeeling tea clones may serve as markers for selection of potentially adapted clones against abiotic stress” by Nirjhar Dasgupta, Prosenjit Biswas, Rakesh Kumar, Narendra Kumar, Biswajit Bera, Sauren Das, Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants July 2013, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 421-433

This article has been retracted by the editor on account of falsification/fabrication of data in Figure 3 of the above paper, as the corresponding author failed to defend the charge levelled initially at Pubpeer and validated subsequently through an editorial enquiry at PMBP, and also failed to reproduce fresh results sought by the editor. The employer of the author has been intimated”.

Apparently, nothing has happened since from the side of the publisher Springer. Today, Raghuram wrote to Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (who originally reported the Pubpeer issue to the editors) and myself in cc:

Dear colleagues,

 The query from Pubpeer with copies to Retraction Watch regarding the article of Sauren Das in PMBP is of serious concern. The editorial decision to retract that paper was communicated to Springer on 31st July 2015 after exercising due diligence on the complaint (see copy of the mail below). Another retraction of the article of Mukhtar et al (2012) [Vol. 18(4):381-6, -LS] in PMBP is also pending. I am copying this email to the concerned staff in Springer to look into why there was a delay in the publication of this retraction and to expedite its publication and inform us accordingly”.

I have now contacted Springer as well and will update here if the publisher should provide any explanations for their reluctance to publish the retraction.

 

Update 16.03.2016.

I have corrected this article’s title follwoing requests by the EiC Raghuram and Springer, since now it is not at all clear whose oversight or incompetence the delayed retraction was due to. Raghuram refused to answer my questions how he originally communicated his retraction decision to Springer, either by email (to whom) or via publisher software interface. Springer’s senior communications manager, Joan Robinson, followed up the case upon my inquiry and issues this statement:

“The delay in retracting the papers was unfortunately due to a technical oversight. The Springer publishing editor never received the e-mail from editor-in-chief Dr. Raghuram alerting him to the problem in July 2015. Only recently was the issue brought to his attention and he was able to locate the e-mail in his spam filter. He is taking immediate action to have the papers retracted.

There was neither pressure on Springer nor reluctance on the part of Springer to retract the papers. Springer, in order to safeguard the quality of its journal publications, follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) and takes its obligation to maintain the integrity of the scientific record seriously”.

15 thoughts on “Publisher Springer to retract Sauren Das paper seven months after editorial decision

  1. It is extremely disconcerting that the retraction notices for two papers that were set to be retracted 8 months ago just “disappeared”. Springer, a COPE member, has plenty of explaining to do.

    The second retraction that the EIC of PMBP is referring to, is:

    Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants October 2012, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 381-386
    Influencing micropropagation in Clitoria ternatea L. through the manipulation of TDZ levels and use of different explant types
    Seemab Mukhtar 1, Naseem Ahmad 1, Md Imran Khan 1, Mohammad Anis 1/2, Ibrahim M. Aref 2
    1. Plant Biotechnology laboratory, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202 002, India
    2. Department of Plant Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 2460, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia
    DOI: 10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550560/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DD7586286AE40608BB1C4C7BA59497

    Like

    1. I would hazzard a guess (think of it as a hypothesis while we wait for the Springer officials to respond). 1) An Indian-run journal. 2) Powerful Indian scientists in 3) leading Indian institutes. In the case of Das, an Indian Government institute that could suffer great shame as a result of this retraction. In the case of Anis, an Indian plant science superhero of sorts in a powerful religious-based academic institute* with many ties to the Indian Government. I would not rule out the influence of power on a publisher’s ethical stance. 8 months is unacceptable. What could explain this except for the politics of science ethics? What would be interesting is if there has been a legal challenge on these retractions to save face…

      http://www.amu.ac.in/
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aligarh_Muslim_University

      Like

  2. “From: Kapila, Dr. Mamta, Springer IN
    Sent: Wednesday, March 09, 2016 2:49 PM
    To: Wervone Aguilar, Andrew
    Cc: RP Singh; Sheila Macfie; Chua, Marie Veth; Ivan Oransky; Rana Pratap Singh; Adam Marcus; N. Raghuram; Jaime Silva; Leonid Schneider
    Subject: RE: Plagiarism: PMBP retraction query: 2013 Darjeeling tea paper

    Dear Andrew,

    Could you please take this up on your topmost priority and retract the said article with no further delay?

    Thank you!

    Best Regards,

    Mamta”

    “On Wednesday, March 9, 2016 3:58 PM, “Wervone Aguilar, Andrew” [email redacted] wrote:

    Dear Dr. Kapila,

    To proceed with the processing, we need the approval of the journals VP. After which, this will be forwarded to the Quality team for further assessment. The final retraction note should come from them.

    Thank you.

    Sincerely yours,

    Andrew

    (Mr.) Andrew Wervone A. Aguilar
    Springer

    Journals Production

    Springer Nature
    [details redacted]

    http://www.springernature.com

    Springer Nature is one of the world’s leading global research, educational and professional publishers, created in May 2015 through the combination of Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, Macmillan Education and Springer Science+Business Media.”

    “On Thursday, March 10, 2016 12:52 AM, Jaime Silva [email redacted] wrote:

    Dear Andrew and Mamta,

    Thank you for copying the communications to all of us.

    There seems to be some misunderstanding. As already clearly indicated by the senior editor, Prof. Raghuram, who is also a vice president, we are referring to two retractions in PMBP, and not just one.

    These are:
    Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants July 2013, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 421-433
    Antioxidants and ROS scavenging ability in ten Darjeeling tea clones may serve as markers for selection of potentially adapted clones against abiotic stress
    Nirjhar Dasgupta, Prosenjit Biswas, Rakesh Kumar, Narendra Kumar, Biswajit Bera, Sauren Das
    DOI: 10.1007/s12298-013-0187-1
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12298-013-0187-1
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/9543DEAD0C5A57B5EFA7A7D1B26B88

    Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants October 2012, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 381-386
    Influencing micropropagation in Clitoria ternatea L. through the manipulation of TDZ levels and use of different explant types
    Seemab Mukhtar, Naseem Ahmad, Md Imran Khan, Mohammad Anis, Ibrahim M. Aref
    DOI: 10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3550560/
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/DD7586286AE40608BB1C4C7BA59497

    Given your statement, I have taken the opportunity of also copying the other two VPs, Prof. Tripathi and Prof. Bose.

    The plant science community looks forward to seeing these retractions processed, as promised, and also to a formal explanation for the delays.

    Sincerely,

    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva”

    Like

    1. Andrew Wervone Aguilar refers to the “Quality team” that will finally process and approve the retraction notice(s). Why can the public not see who makes up this “Quality team”, so we can assess their professional credentials? Surely, teams that are responsible for such important decisions should be as visible and transparent as editor boards? Otherwise, how does the public hold the publisher accountable?

      Like

    2. “On Thursday, March 10, 2016 2:52 PM, “Kapila, Dr. Mamta, Springer IN” wrote:

      Dear Dr. Teixeira da Silva,

      Greetings from Springer!

      First, I would like to apologize for the long delay as I could see the mails only recently; the mails had come in my spam folder and lying unattended.

      As know are well informed of, Springer is a member of COPE and takes cases of plagiarism or violation of publishing ethics very seriously. There is absolute no reluctance on Springer’s part to retract the two-said articles from Springer’s platforms. And, I assure you that it shall be done very soon.

      I have already initiated this and I anticipate to have it done soon.

      Best Regards,

      Mamta”

      Like

    3. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants October 2012, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 381-386
      Influencing micropropagation in Clitoria ternatea L. through the manipulation of TDZ levels and use of different explant types
      Seemab Mukhtar 1, Naseem Ahmad 1, Md Imran Khan 1, Mohammad Anis 1,2, Ibrahim M. Aref 2
      1. Plant Biotechnology laboratory, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, India
      2. Department of Plant Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-012-0136-4
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/DD7586286AE40608BB1C4C7BA59497

      Retraction:
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0352-4
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0352-4
      “The corresponding author retracts this article due to the erroneous inclusion of Table 3 and Fig. 1C from the previously published article by Mukhtar, S., Anis, M., & Ahmad, N.(2010) titled “In vitro optimization of phytohormones on micropropagation in Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea L.)” in the Journal of herbs, spices & medicinal plants 16:2, 98–105. The authors regret the error due to oversight and thank the anonymous complainant and the editor of PMBP for bringing it to their notice.”
      https://www.pubpeer.com/publications/BE143C87944AB5C99350C7AE49AC2F

      Like

      1. Three more retractions in Springer’s Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants.

        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants pp 1-11
        First online: 05 March 2016
        Expression of a bacterial chitinase (ChiB) gene enhances resistance against E. polygoni induced powdery mildew disease in the transgenic Black gram (Vigna mungo L.) (cv. T9)
        D. K. Das
        Post Graduate Department of Biotechnology, T. M. Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur, India
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0344-4
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0344-4

        Retraction:
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0344-4
        “The editors retract this article published at Online First, due to the author’s unethical inclusion of all the figures and tables, as well as paraphrased text from his previously published research articles listed below:
        1. Das, Dilip Kumar, Mrinalini Bhagat, and Sangeeta Shree. “Agrobacterium Mediated Transformation of Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper with Cry1Ac Gene for Insect Resistance.” American Journal of Plant Sciences 7.02 (2016): 316.
        2. Das, Dilip K., N. Shiva Prakash, and Neera Bhalla-Sarin. “An efficient regeneration system of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) through organogenesis.” Plant Science 134.2 (1998): 199-206.
        3. Das, Dilip K., et al. “Improved method of regeneration of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) through liquid culture.” In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant 38.5 (2002): 456-459.
        4. Das, D. K., and A. Rahman. “Expression of a rice chitinase gene enhances antifungal response in transgenic litchi (cv. Bedana).” Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC) 109.2 (2012): 315-325.
        5. Das, D. K., and A. Rahman. “Expression of a rice chitinase gene (ChiB) enhances antifungal response in transgenic litchi (cv. Bedana).” Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 4.3 (2010): 820-833.
        The editors regret that this scientific misconduct escaped the evaluation processes of the journal and thank the complainants and pubpeer for bringing it to their notice. The reviewers of the manuscript and the employer of the author have been alerted of the misconduct.”

        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants pp 1-8
        First online: 09 February 2016
        Effect of paclobutrazol on photosynthesis and expression of pyrroline-5-carboxylatesynthase in contrasting wheat genotypes under water deficit stress condition
        Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, Santosh Kumar
        Division of Crop Research, ICAR Research complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, 800 014, India
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0343-5
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0343-5

        Retraction:
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0343-5
        “The corresponding author retracts this article published at online first due to the unreliability of findings arising out of inappropriate handling of the photograph at the bottom right panel of Fig. 2. The authors regret the inappropriate image and thank the anonymous complainant at Pubpeer and the editor of PMBP for bringing it to their notice.”

        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants pp 1-6
        First online: 29 January 2016
        Influence of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains, acitosyringone, inoculum size and temperature on production of active ingredients from Picrorhiza kurrooa
        Janhvi Mishra Rawat, Balwant Rawat, Susmita Mishra, Aakriti Bhandari, Rajneesh K Agnihotri, Anup Chandra
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0341-7
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0341-7

        Retraction:
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0341-7
        “The corresponding author withdraws/retracts this article due to the mistaken inclusion of Fig. 1b from our previously 2011 paper in Acta Physiologiae Plantarum entitled “Hairy root culture of Picrorhiza kurrooa Royle ex Benth.: a promising approach for the production of picrotin and picrotoxinin”. The authors accept the mistake and thank the anonymous complainant and the editor of PMBP for bringing it to their notice.”

        Like

  3. Another two Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants papers being questioned at PubPeer. The authors and editors have been formally contacted today. Will update as the case progresses.

    Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
    April 2013, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 251-260
    In vitro clonal propagation and genetic fidelity of the regenerants of Spilanthes calva DC. using RAPD and ISSR marker
    Mohd. Razaq, Monika Heikrujam, Siva K. Chetri, Veena Agrawal
    Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24431493
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3656186/
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12298-012-0152-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s12298-012-0152-4
    PMID: 24431493
    PMCID: PMC3656186

    Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
    October 2014, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 517-526
    Micropropagation and validation of genetic and biochemical fidelity amongst regenerants of Cassia angustifolia Vahl employing RAPD marker and HPLC
    Siva K. Chetri, Pratima Rani Sardar, Veena Agrawal
    Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25320475
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4185055/
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12298-014-0257-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0257-z
    PMID: 25320475
    PMCID: PMC4185055

    Spilanthes 2013:
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/EDB5AB063FCEF7910C501B737D2CFF
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/24431493

    Cassia 2014:
    https://pubpeer.com/publications/05729B4AAC5F81445C083DC4C3E8A2

    Relevant figures:

    Like

  4. The Sauren Das paper has now been finally retracted:

    “This article has been retracted by the editor on account of falsification/fabrication of data in Figure 3 of the above paper, as the corresponding author failed to defend the charge levelled initially at Pubpeer and validated subsequently through an editorial enquiry at PMBP, and also failed to reproduce fresh results sought by the editor. The employer of the author has been intimated.”

    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12298-013-0187-1

    Like

    1. There are other cases of PMBP papers (2014-March, 2016) currently being investigated or queried. Below is the latest synthesis. IN all cases, the authors and the editors were alerted, sometime between March 25 and March 30, 2016.

      Case 1

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      October 2015, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 551-558
      Oxidative stress induced expression of monodehydroascorbate reductase gene in Eleusine coracana
      Jebi Sudan, Bhawana Negi, Sandeep Arora
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0327-x
      doi: 10.1007/s12298-015-0327-x
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26600681

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/3FD42C4A4F3C6D18586280BBC4ED3A

      Relevant figures:

      Case 2

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      October 2014, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 411-423
      First online: 05 July 2014
      Screening of rice landraces for salinity tolerance at seedling stage through morphological and molecular markers
      Md. Nasim Ali, Lucina Yeasmin, Saikat Gantait, Rupak Goswami, Somsubhra Chakraborty
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0250-6
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0250-6
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25320465

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/9F7583A990AA434BC0DE821CC8DA03

      Case 5

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      April 2014, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 235-240
      First online: 13 March 2014
      Plant regeneration from leaf explants of Aloe barbadensis Mill. and genetic fidelity assessment through DNA markers
      Souvagyalaxmi Sahoo, Gyana Ranjan Rout
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0226-6
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0226-6
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24757327

      Journal of Cell and Tissue Research Vol. 14(1) 4123-4130 (2014)
      EFFECT OF GROWTH REGULATORS ON IN VITRO PROPAGATION OF ALOE BARBADENSIS MILL. AND ASSESSMENT OF GENETIC FIDELITY THROUGH RAPD MARKERS
      SAHOO, S. AND ROUT, G. R.
      http://www.tcrjournals.com/uploads/9583821._Sahoo.pdf

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/3BBF3B92834C19CA3674A7A39557AC

      Relevant figures:

      Case 6

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      April 2014, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 241-247
      First online: 03 April 2014
      Synergistic effect of BAP and GA3 on in vitro flowering of Guizotia abyssinica Cass.-A multipurpose oil crop
      S. Baghel, Y. K. Bansal
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0229-3
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0229-3

      Micropropagation and In vitro Flowering of a Biodiesel Plant Niger Guizotia Abyssinica (Cass.)
      Sapna Baghel, Yogendra Kumar Bansal
      ASIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES VOL 4(4) 2013: 532-539
      http://ajebs.com/
      http://ajebs.com/vol4%284%29.html
      https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263256640

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/DAE01AAA4668240A02DABDE340FC56

      Relevant figures:

      Case 7

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      pp 1-8
      First online: 09 February 2016
      Effect of paclobutrazol on photosynthesis and expression of pyrroline-5-carboxylatesynthase in contrasting wheat genotypes under water deficit stress condition
      Sharad Kumar Dwivedi, Santosh Kumar
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0343-5
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0343-5

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/8537C9EBE42560E845C5DB01932AF9

      Relevant figures:

      Case 8

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      pp 1-12
      First online: 06 February 2016
      In vitro propagation, micromorphological studies and ex vitro rooting of cannon ball tree (Couroupita guianensis aubl.): a multipurpose threatened species
      Mahipal S. Shekhawat, M. Manokari
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0335-x
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-015-0335-x

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/B09FA0F662D60157C9056A2617C667

      Case 10

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      pp 1-6
      First online: 29 January 2016
      Influence of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains, acitosyringone, inoculum size and temperature on production of active ingredients from Picrorhiza kurrooa
      Janhvi Mishra Rawat, Balwant Rawat, Susmita Mishra, Aakriti Bhandari, Rajneesh K Agnihotri, Anup Chandra
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0341-7
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0341-7

      Acta Physiologiae Plantarum
      September 2011, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 1841-1846
      First online: 09 February 2011
      Hairy root culture of Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.: a promising approach for the production of picrotin and picrotoxinin
      Janhvi Mishra, Himani Bhandari, Mahendra Singh, Sandeep Rawat, R. K. Agnihotri, S. Mishra, S. Purohit
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11738-011-0724-x
      DOI: 10.1007/s11738-011-0724-x

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/6BFBCE80A000FFA9CAE853AAF1FAAA

      Relevant figures:

      Case 13

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      July 2015, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 417-424
      An efficient in vitro shoot regeneration from leaf petiolar explants and ex vitro rooting of Bixa orellana L.- A dye yielding plant
      Arifullah Mohammed, Kishore K. Chiruvella, Nima D. Namsa, Rama Gopal Ghanta
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0297-z
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-015-0297-z
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26261406

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/FF50B8A188916EF52EDA421E8914CC

      Relevant figures:

      Case 14

      Paper 1
      Indian Journal of Plant Physiology
      December 2015, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 317-323
      Effect of potent cytokinin thidiazuron on in vitro morphogenic potential of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica), an important vegetable crop
      Pankaj Kumar, D. K. Srivastava
      DOI: 10.1007/s40502-015-0179-y
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40502-015-0179-y
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/6C9583D0E00F28F4F3632CCF3141FF

      Paper 2
      Journal of Crop Improvement 29:4, 432-446 (2015)
      Pankaj Kumar, Ayesh Gaur, D. K. Srivastava
      Morphogenic Response of Leaf and Petiole Explants of Broccoli Using Thidiazuron
      DOI: 10.1080/15427528.2015.1046626
      http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15427528.2015.1046626
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/79AE2A0507E45857741747BC2863F7

      Paper 3
      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      April 2015, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 279-285
      High frequency organogenesis in hypocotyl, cotyledon, leaf and petiole explants of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica), an important vegetable crop
      Pankaj Kumar, D. K. Srivastava
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-015-0282-6
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0282-6
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25964720
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/A433A442144C68E0C601C0A3CAAA00

      Paper 4
      CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 109, NO. 8, pp. 1470-1475, 25 OCTOBER 2015
      Molecular analysis of genetic stability in in vitro regenerated plants of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica)
      Pankaj Kumar, Geetika Gambhir, Ayesh Gaur and D. K. Srivastava
      http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/109/08/1470.pdf
      doi: 10.18520/v109/i8/1470-1475 (does not link to PubPeer)

      Requested and waiting:
      Pankaj Kumar (2012) Clonal propagation in broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica): plant tissue culture. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 122 pages (May 17, 2012)
      http://pdfsr.com/isbn/9783659110207

      Relevant figures:

      Case 15

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      April 2015, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 243-247
      Validation of SSR markers associated with rust (Uromyces fabae) resistance in pea (Pisum sativum L.)
      Anil Kumar Singh, Rashmi Rai, Brahma Deo Singh, Ramesh Chand, Chandra Prakash Srivastava
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0280-8
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-015-0280-8
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25964717

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/A49EDFEE0C10DA567AF00E0FA20C1C

      Relevant figures:

      Case 16

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      April 2015, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 187-196
      Transcriptional profiling in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.R. Br.) for identification of differentially expressed drought responsive genes
      Minakshi Choudhary, Jayanand, Jasdeep Chatrath Padaria
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-015-0287-1
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-015-0287-1
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25964713

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/B2C513C5EA35DE02EEEE60E2B86800

      Relevant figures:

      Case 17

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      January 2015, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 117-122
      Initial determination of DNA polymorphism of some Primula veris L. populations from Kosovo and Austria
      Naim Berisha, Fadil Millaku, Bekim Gashi, Elez Krasniqi, Johannes Novak
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0275-x
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0275-x
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25650329

      Journal of Applied Biological Sciences 8(3): 59-64 (2014)
      Initial determination of DNA polymorphism of some Primula veris L. populations from Kosovo and Austria
      Naim BERISHA, Fadil MILLAKU, Bekim GASHI, Elez KRASNIQI, Johannes NOVAK
      http://www.nobel.gen.tr/MakaleDetay2.aspx?ID=3511&islem=pdf
      http://www.nobel.gen.tr/Makaleler/JABS-Issue%203-6aa5d7af8e41428898b949b41d65a2ad.pdf
      Publisher: Nobel International Journals

      https://pubpeer.com/publications/6027131E0A21281EC851A17E715F3D

      Case 18

      Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
      pp 1-11
      Expression of a bacterial chitinase (ChiB) gene enhances resistance against E. polygoni induced powdery mildew disease in the transgenic Black gram (Vigna mungo L.) (cv. T9)
      D. K. Das
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-016-0344-4
      DOI: 10.1007/s12298-016-0344-4
      No PubMed entry yet.

      Agrobacterium Mediated Transformation of Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper with Cry1Ac Gene for Insect Resistance
      American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.7 No.2, Pub. Date: February 22, 2016
      Dilip Kumar Das, Mrinalini Bhagat, Sangeeta Shree
      http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=63629
      DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.72031

      [1]
      Plant Science Volume 134, Issue 2, 5 June 1998, Pages 199–206
      An efficient regeneration system of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) through organogenesis
      Dilip K Das, N.Shiva Prakash, Neera Bhalla-Sarin
      http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168945298000442
      doi: 10.1016/S0168-9452(98)00044-2

      [2]
      In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant
      September 2002, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 456-459
      Improved method of regeneration of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) through liquid culture.
      Dilip K. Das, Prasanna Bhomkar, N. Shiva Prakash, Neera Bhalla-Sarin
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1079/IVP2002336
      DOI: 10.1079/IVP2002336

      [3]
      Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 4(3): 820-833 (July, 2010)
      Expression of a bacterial chitinase (ChiB) gene enhances antifungal potential in transgenic Litchi chinensis Sonn. (cv. Bedana)
      Das, D.K., Rahman, A.
      http://abap.co.in/expression-bacterial-chitinase-chib-gene-enhances-antifungal-potential-transgenic-litchi-chinensis-s
      http://www.abap.co.in/expression-bacterial-chitinase-chib-gene-enhances-antifungal-potential-transgenic-litchi-chinensis-s

      [4]
      Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)
      May 2012, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 315-325
      First online: 15 March 2012
      Expression of a rice chitinase gene enhances antifungal response in transgenic litchi (cv. Bedana)
      D. K. Das, A. Rahman
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11240-011-0097-2
      DOI: 10.1007/s11240-011-0097-2

      2016 PMBP:
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/13DCE80F38834887D2AC8D3B5616F3
      2016 AJPS:
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/E6FADB2C85219B0E8E779556798361
      2012 PCTOC:
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/78C0893198FFC429B2C08B9BBD3F1B
      1998 PS:
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/C31EC503888E9468CFA63B9DC3487C
      2002 IVCDBP:
      https://pubpeer.com/publications/06F2678890FAA22419D1266F1C7B1B

      Requested file:
      Das DK (2012) Transformation of Vigna mungo (Blackgram) for Abiotic stress tolerance using marker free approach. IJPI’s J Biotechnol Biother 3:1–5

      Relevant figures: None yet.

      Like

      1. Case 11

        International Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures 2(4): 60-64 (2012)
        Silver Nanoparticles Ecofriendly Synthesis by Two Medicinal Plants
        Mousa Solgi, Mina Taghizadeh
        Department of Horticultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak 38156, Iran
        Received 13; November 2012; accepted 01 December 2012
        http://urpjournals.com/tocjnls/20_12v2i4_2.pdf

        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
        July 2014, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 279-285
        Evaluation of plant-mediated Silver nanoparticles synthesis and its application in postharvest Physiology of cut Flowers
        Mousa Solgi
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3
        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25049454
        PMID: 25049454
        PMCID: PMC4101138

        https://pubpeer.com/publications/CD6C9D57E931A7E6F88D7DB7FC8623

        Like

      2. Case 19

        Paper 1: PMBP 2015
        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants January 2015, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 123-136
        Micropropagation and in vitro conservation of the rare and threatened plants Ramonda serbica and Ramonda nathaliae
        Bekim Gashi, Kasamedin Abdullai, Valbona Sota, Efigjeni Kongjika
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0261-3
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0261-3
        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25648356
        https://pubpeer.com/publications/B3DFB45C0981DC022E459E41B0E2CC

        Paper 2: Ekoloji 2013
        Bekim Gashi, Fadil Millaku, Kasamedin Abdullai, Evelina Daskalova, Slaveya Dontcheva, Elez Krasniqi, Valbona Mata, Efigjeni Kongjika
        Ecological and morphological characteristics and in vitro conservation of Ramonda serbica Panc. in Kosovo. Ekoloji, 89: 19-28. (2013)
        doi: 10.5053/ekoloji.2013.893
        http://www.ekoloji.com.tr/resimler/89-3.pdf
        https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259398854
        https://pubpeer.com/publications/822274ED7893F69F2F87C860D249F9

        Paper 3: B&BE 2012
        E. Daskalova, S. Dontcheva, Z. Zekaj, A. Bacu, V. Sota, K. Abdullai, B. Gashi, I. Minkov, V. Toneva & E. Kongjika (2012) Initial Determination of Polymorphism and In Vitro Conservation of Some Ramonda Serbica and Ramonda Nathaliae Populations from Albania, Macedonia and Bulgaria, Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 26:sup1, 16-25
        http://dx.doi.org/10.5504/50YRTIMB.2011.0004
        http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.5504/50YRTIMB.2011.0004
        DOI: 10.5504/50YRTIMB.2011.0004
        https://pubpeer.com/publications/19F03B001A8DD6C49A6CDB917BD250

        Paper 4: 2012 Proceedings
        Bekim Gashi, Fadil Millaku, Kasamedin Abdullai, Elez Krasniqi, Efigjeni Kongjika
        Ecological and morphological characteristics of rare and endangered plant Ramonda serbica from different localities of the republic of Kosovo
        Proceedings of the 4th Congress of Ecologists of Macedonia with International Participation, Ohrid, 12-15 October 2012, Macedonian Ecological Society, pp. 33-39
        https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284552098

        Relevant figures:

        Like

      3. Case 9

        Indian Journal of Biotechnology 9 (July 10): 325-328 (2010)
        Intraspecific variation in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA in Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal
        Bilal Ahmad Mir 1, Sushma Koul 1, Arun Kumar 1, Maharaj K. Kaul 1, Amarjit Singh Soodan 2, Soom Nath Raina 3
        1 Biodiversity and Applied Botany Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR), Jammu 180001, India
        2 Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
        3. Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Sector – 125, Noida, 201303, UP, India
        http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/9894/1/IJBT%209%283%29%20325-328.pdf

        Plant Systematics and Evolution February 2011, Volume 291, Issue 3, pp 141-151
        Utility of a multidisciplinary approach for genome diagnostics of cultivated and wild germplasm resources of medicinal Withania somnifera, and the status of new species, W. ashwagandha, in the cultivated taxon
        Arun Kumar 1, Bilal A. Mir 1, Deepmala Sehgal 2, Tanvir H. Dar 2, Sushma Koul 1, Maharaj K. Kaul 1, Soom N. Raina 3, Ghulam N. Qazi 1
        1. Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu, 180001, India
        2. Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110007, India
        3. Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, Sector – 125, Noida, 201303, UP, India
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00606-010-0372-4
        DOI: 10.1007/s00606-010-0372-4
        https://www.pubpeer.com/publications/A9E56EC18C6FE8F656E9D73442D054

        Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(5), pp. 754-762, 9 February, 2012
        Reproductive behaviour and breeding system of wild and cultivated types of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal
        Bilal Ahmad Mir 1,2, Sushma Koul 1, Arun Kuar 1, Shushant Sharma 3, Maharaj K. Kaul 1, Amarjit S. Soodan 3
        1 Biodiversity and Applied Botany Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR), Jammu 180001, India
        2 Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar-160001, India
        3 Botanical and Environmental sciences Department, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
        DOI: 10.5897/JMPR11.1303
        https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233529841
        Linked to?
        http://repository.up.ac.za/dspace/bitstream/handle/2263/21582/Mir_Reproductive%282013%29.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
        https://www.pubpeer.com/publications/DB991B2B35D6FCF02B9325D9C24708

        Industrial Crops and Products 45: 442-446 (2013)
        Reproductive biology of Withania ashwagandha sp. novo (Solanaceae)
        Bilal Ahmad Mir a,b, Sushma Koul b, Amarjit Singh Soodan c
        a Centre for Microbial Ecology and Genomics, Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria 0002, South Africa
        b Biodiversity and Applied Botany Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR), Jammu 180001, India
        c Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India
        DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.12.023
        http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012006577
        https://www.pubpeer.com/publications/8EF5BE83FC43E1C046B1B402559474

        Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
        July 2014, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 357-364
        In vitro propagation and withaferin A production in Withania ashwagandha, a rare medicinal plant of India
        Bilal Ahmad Mir 1,2, Shabir Ahmad Mir 3, Sushma Koul 1
        1. Biodiversity & Applied Botany Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu, 180001, India
        2. Department of Genetics, Centre for Microbial Ecology and Genomics (CMEG), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0028, South Africa
        3. Department of Biochemistry, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, 190006, India
        http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12298-014-0243-5
        DOI: 10.1007/s12298-014-0243-5
        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25049463
        PMID: 25049463
        PMCID: PMC4101142
        https://pubpeer.com/publications/25049463

        Relevant figures:

        Like

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